Heat Exchangers

Starts from:Thu, February 21, 2019
Campus Location

Course Description

Heat Exchangers


Course Description

Heat exchangers are important and expensive items of equipment that are used in a wide variety of industries. A better understanding of the basic principles of heat transfer and fluid flow and their application to the design and operation of shell and tube heat exchangers as well as plate heat exchangers, air cooled exchangers and other specialty heat exchangers that you gain from this course will enable you to improve their effectiveness and extend their life.

The course provides in depth presentation of the main types of industrial heat exchangers, their key features and aspects, and provides practical guidelines for selecting the appropriate type for specific applications.

You will better understand how to use the applicable API, TEMA and ASME codes, standards and recommended practices. Discussions cover fabrication, materials of construction and costs of tubular units; condensers and reboilers; effect and mitigation of fouling; and causes and prevention of exchanger tubes vibration and damage.

Course Objectives

The objectives of the course are:

  • Gain a sound understanding of the main principles of Heat Exchanger operation and design and how these relate to efficient and safe use of these types of equipment.
  • Improve their understanding of the operation and maintenance considerations of Heat Exchanger equipment with regard to overall process plant integration.
  • Enhance their competence and productivity thereby enhancing their competence and performance level and making additional value added contributions to their organization.
  • Develop technical and analytical skills necessary for conducting technical and troubleshooting evaluations.
  • To provide methodologies for the mechanical design of heat exchangers in accordance with industry codes, standards and best practices, specifically ASME BPVC Section VIII, TEMA, and API 660, 661, and 662.
  • To make delegates aware of cost-effective technologies and best practices for improving performance of heat exchangers.


Who should attend?

The course is intended to benefit project, process, mechanical and plant engineers as well as operations and maintenance managers and supervisors involved in the design, operations, troubleshooting and maintenance of heat exchangers and energy conservation in the oil, chemical, power, and other industries.

Training Methodology

The course is comprehensive and highly interactive. It combines structured and focused presentations and discussions of topics covered with actual relevant examples. It combines sound engineering principles, methods, and applicable codes & standards and best industry practices with workshops that cover worked examples to enforce the learning. To maximize learning, optional Question & Answer sessions are available at the end of each day to avail participants the opportunity to ask questions relating to topics discussed and specific heat exchanger problems they may experience.

The Results

The company will achieve improved financial performance through the proper selection and application of the appropriate type of heat exchangers that achieve optimum balance between capital investment and energy costs.

The company will be able to achieve measurable improvement in energy efficiency through effective interaction between engineering, operation and maintenance functions throughout the life cycle of heat exchange equipment.

The company will be able to enhance its ability to use best industry practices in inspection, maintenance, and repairs resulting in lower life cycle costs while complying with applicable codes and standards, and other regulatory requirements.

Course Outlines


Day One

Types and Application of Heat Exchangers

  • Overview and basic fundamentals
  • Significance of heat exchange in the petroleum, petrochemical, and process industries
  • Heat Transfer Fundamentals and Heat Transfer Coefficients
  • Heat Exchanger types and application
  • Shell and Tube heat exchangers
  • Compact heat exchangers
  • Plate heat exchangers
  • Printed circuit heat exchangers
  • Heat pipes
  • Air-cooled heat exchangers
  • Regenerative heat exchangers
  • Geometry of Shell & Tube Heat Exchangers (STHE) and Double Pipes – TEMA nomenclature, front end head types, shell types, rear end types, double pipe units, selection guidelines
  • Worked examples – heat transfer


Day Two

Thermal and Hydraulic Design of Heat Exchangers

  • Sizing and Specifying the heat exchanger
  • Temperature Difference In STHE
  • Countercurrent, co-current, and cross-current
  • TEMA flow arrangements, comparisons
  • worked example
  • Velocity Triangles and Performance Derivation from First Principles
  • Pump performance curves: head-capacity, power, efficiency
  • System curve: static, friction, pressure head components
  • Fluid Flow and Pressure Drop
    • Shell & Tube heat exchangers
    • Plate heat exchangers
  • Condensers and Re-boilers
    • Types and application
    • General design considerations
  • Worked examples: Thermal design and rating shell & tube heat exchangers


Day Three

Mechanical Design of Heat Exchangers

  • Design and construction codes and best practices
    • ASME B&PVC Section VIII
    • API 660, 661, and 662
    • TEMA
  • Basic design of heat exchangers – S&THE, PHE, ACHE
  • Special design considerations
    • Piping loads on exchanger nozzles
  • Materials of construction for heat exchangers
    • Impact of service conditions on material selection
  • Fabrication of heat exchangers
    • Shell & tube heat exchangers
    • Plate heat exchangers
  • Worked examples: Mechanical design of STHE


Day Four

Operation and Maintenance of Heat Exchangers

  • Fouling In Heat Exchangers
    • Types and mechanisms, economic impact on design and operation
    • Fouling mitigation by design
    • Fouling mitigation by operation and maintenance
  • Corrosion and erosion in heat exchangers
  • Heat Exchanger Inspection Methods
  • Operation and Troubleshooting
    • Performance monitoring and Testing
    • Flow-induced vibration, mechanisms, vibration prediction, damage numbers, design procedure to avoid vibration including baffle selection, rod baffle exchangers, twisted tube exchangers
  • Cost-effective maintenance and repair of heat exchangers
    • Cleaning strategies and methods: S&THE, PHE, ACHE
    • Heat Exchanger Repairs
    • Removal and Replacement of Heat Exchangers

Day Five

Performance Enhancement and Optimization of Heat Exchangers

  • Heat transfer augmentation techniques
    • Finned tubes
    • In-tube Enhancement – Tube inserts, sintered coatings
  • Tube Bundle Replacement – Alternative enhanced tube bundle designs
    • Rodbaffle
    • Heli baffle
    • Twisted tube
  • Heat Integration Basics
    • Pinch technology
    • heat exchanger train optimization
  • Illustrative example: Heat exchanger network optimization